New Delhi: Lifestyles differ amongst individuals, some are care-free while others are considerate. When we’re young, often at times we tend to ignore our body’s nutrient requirements which undoubtedly impact not only our body but also our skin and overall health. It is recommended that one should opt for a diet that is rich in nutrient-dense, organic, real foods as a foundation of a healthy lifestyle. Yet, for many women, diet alone may not be enough. Through various age-stages, a woman requires certain nutrients to help maintain appropriate body balance.
Our daily food may fall short in providing sufficient quantities of vitamins and minerals, and that is when multivitamins become essential. They act as a bridge, by delivering the nutritional value, between our body’s requirement of nutrients and the insufficiency of our food to deliver the same.
Vitamins and supplements for women over 30
“It is imperative for females over 30 years of age to pay utmost attention while selecting vitamin supplements, especially relating to the onset of childbearing years, said Rajeswari Shetty, head of dietetics, SL Raheja Hospital Mahim – A Fortis Associate. Enlisted below are some of the benefits by which vitamins and supplements can aid in quality health for a woman:
- Helps prevent anaemia during menstruation or childbirth
- Replenishes vitamins and minerals that have been depleted due to birth control, other medications, life stressors, exercise, food choices, and more
- Promotes hormonal balance
Iron: Iron is an important supplement for women in their 30s. The absence of iron can arise in women who do not consume a lot of meat, women with moderate to heavy menstrual cycle, athletes, and pregnant women are also at risk. Intake of iron can support your health, but beware of its overuse.
Excess of iron consumption can cause vomiting, abdominal pain, and other symptoms. It is paramount to consult your doctor to determine your iron requirements. No matter what you eat, if your body cannot utilise your intake, you will not get any nourishment. A parasitic infestation can cause malabsorption of essential nutrients, which, in turn, can cause anaemia. Therefore, de-worming tablets are distributed under the existing iron and folic Acid supplementation programmes.
Vitamin C & Vitamin E (antioxidants): Vitamins C & E are great antioxidants and help in maintaining healthy skin from inside out. Vitamin C also supports the immune system and keeps the skin youthful as it promotes the creation of collagen. Vitamin C also helps to absorb iron. Vitamins C & E contain vital antioxidant properties, thus, a lot of people also apply vit-E oil commonly to skin injuries in order to help prevent scars or fasten up the healing process.
Calcium & Vitamin D: Vitamin D is a vital vitamin for women in their 30s. By assisting the body to absorb calcium from food, vitamin D largely supports bone health. Intake of vitamin D along with calcium facilitates maintaining healthy bones. Some bodily functions require specific vitamins. For example, vitamin D is essential in helping the body to absorb and maintain appropriate levels of calcium. It is one of the main factors for a healthy immune system to protect the body from various illnesses. However, it is difficult to get from your food. Fortunately, it’s produced by the skin after exposure to sunlight. Just going outside during the day twice a week for 10-15 minutes will do the trick. Yet, the use of sunscreen may block the production of vitamin D.
B-vitamin supplementation for energy and mood: The numerous B groups of vitamins are essential co-factors for many body processes. B-vitamins are most often linked with having energy, but in reality, they are imperative for mood lifting and preventing depression too! Folic acid, that is significant for women who are thinking about having children and those who are pregnant, acts as a crucial ingredient in prenatal vitamins.
Essential nutrients and their sources
Following are some of the essential nutrients for women and their good sources:
- Folic acid: Broccoli, oranges, avocado, asparagus, rice and spinach
- Vitamin D: Sun exposure, mushrooms, egg yolks, and fatty fish
- Iron: Seafood, spinach, white beans, red meat, seafood and lentils
- Calcium: Dairy products, fortified milk alternatives and juices, sardines, salmon, tofu, and kale
- Iodine: Seafood, seaweed, eggs, grain products, iodized salt, and low-fat dairy products
Women have slightly different nutritional needs than men, and these needs can change during the various stages of a woman’s life. Usually, the best way for a person to meet their dietary needs is to consume a balanced diet. Whole foods are packed with more nutrition than a pill. However, if you do not include enough of the recommended servings of vegetables and fruits, it is advisable to take vitamin supplements. But you need to be judicious about their uses and you must consult a doctor or a nutritionist, to avoid mega doses.