How to get rid of mosquitoes: Home remedies to prevent dengue, malaria and chikungunya


Mosquito bites aren’t only irritating but can lead to life-threatening health conditions such as dengue, Japanese encephalitis, yellow fever, malaria and Zika fever. To get rid of mosquitoes, many people burn strong-smelling mosquito-repellent coils and use repellent mats, which contain chemical agents that may be harmful to health in the long run. Use these natural remedies instead to protect yourself and your loved ones from mosquito bites.

Types of mosquitoes found across the world

Aedes, Psorophora, Toxorhynchites, Culex, Culiseta, Anopheles, Mansonia, and Wyeomyia are the different types of mosquitoes found across the world. The most deadly of these is the Aedes. Aedes mosquito bite can transmit microbes that cause Yellow Fever, Dengue, Chikungunya and also Zika virus-triggered complications. Anopheles are responsible for malaria, which accounts for millions of deaths worldwide. Wyeomyia doesn’t pose risk to humans as they don’t carry any virus. But how does a person tell which mosquito is harmless or harmful? The best thing to do is to restrict mosquito bites to zero or minimum, by using home remedies.

Natural remedies to keep mosquitoes at bay

Lemon and cloves: Cut a lemon into two pieces and insert some cloves in it. It helps in keeping flies and mosquitoes away.

Neem oil and leaves: Neem is best known for its pesticidal and insecticidal properties. Some people also burn neem leaves near their residence to keep themselves safe from mosquitoes.

Garlic: Boil some crushed cloves of garlic in water. Its odour keeps mosquito stay away.

Lavender: It has analgesic, antifungal, and antiseptic qualities. Its fragrance can repel mosquitoes.

Cinnamon oil: It acts as a repellant against mosquitoes and known to kill mosquito eggs.

Peppermint oil: Possesses naturally cooling properties, acts a strong odour and is helpful in repelling mosquitoes.

Lemon Eucalyptus Oil: It is also known as Eucalyptus citriodora or Corymbia citriodora. Lemon Eucalyptus oil has insect-repellent properties.

Basil oil: Besides being loaded with medicinal properties, basil has the ability to repel insects. It also helps in boosting the digestive, immune and nervous systems.

Fennel oil: With its health properties like antibacterial and antioxidant properties, it is helpful in killing the mosquitoes.

Clove and thyme oils: Equal amount of both the oils mixed together would do wonders against mosquitoes.

Dhuno: It purifies the air and acts as a natural mosquito repellent. It is found in almost every Bengali household. Dhuno, a form of frankincense, is obtained by drying the plant resin of a Sal tree. One can use it in solid form or as a powder and is used during the festival of Durga Puja (Pujo). The smoke generated by the fragrant powder on burning coconut husks also chases away mosquitos and other pests.

Ground coffee: Sprinkle some coffee grounds on stagnant water. This helps in eliminating the mosquito eggs.

Camphor: Burn some camphor in your house and close all the windows and doors for half an hour. After you open the exit points you won’t find mosquitoes at your place.

Tea Tree Oil: It possesses anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties and it’s strong odour keeps mosquitoes at bay.

Rosemary: Burn some rosemary and its aroma will surely drive out the mosquitoes.

Treating mosquito bites

Ice pack: Applying ice at the bite area helps in controlling swelling and reduces the itching sensation.

Antihistamine cream: Topical creams provide relief from itching and one can apply two to three times a day, depending upon the condition.

Honey: With its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, honey helps in reducing the inflammation.

Aloe vera: It possesses anti-inflammatory properties and can be applied in mosquito as well as bug bites.

Vinegar: Apple cider vinegar is considered to be one of the best natural remedies. It helps in reducing the stinging and burning sensation left by a bite.

Onion: With its natural antifungal property, onions can reduce the bite’s sting and irritation.

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